Myanmar must convince its nationals to return, says foreign minister
Foreign Minister AK Abdul Momen has said that Bangladesh will take a tougher position over the Rohingya issue saying the global leadership must resolve it quickly to ensure greater peace and stability in the region.
"We tried our best, we worked as per your suggestions but finally it (repatriation) did not happen. We will make our position stronger," he said.
The foreign minister was talking to reporters after a discussion titled "15 August and Its Impact on Bangladesh" at Bangabandhu Memorial Trust auditorium in Dhaka organized by Awami League's international affairs sub-committee.
Momen said Bangladesh gave Rohingyas shelter on humanitarian grounds but they are not Bangladesh's headache rather it is the headache of the whole world.
He said Myanmar "must be accommodative" and it must "convince" their nationals to go back to their place of origin in Rakhine State. "We did whatever we can from our part."
Bangladesh is now hosting over 1.1 million Rohingyas and most of them entered the country since August 25, 2017.
Despite all the preparations, no Rohingya turned up on Thursday to avail of the "voluntary" repatriation offer given to them to go back to their place of origin in Rakhine State prompting the authorities to suspend the repatriation process for the day.
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"The world should be more concerned about it (Rohingya crisis)," he said urging the global leadership to find a solution to the crisis that began on August 25, 2017.
Asean countries have responsibility to convince Myanmar
The foreign minister also reminded that Asean countries have a responsibility to convince Myanmar to act and take back their nationals as quickly as possible.
He urged the UN agencies to focus more on Myanmar, instead of Bangladesh, to create conducive conditions there for the safe return of Rohingyas and remove trust-deficit among them. "With our limited resources, we kept them well."
The foreign minister said China, Russia, India, Japan and other countries are in favour of Bangladesh over Rohingya repatriation matter.
He said the UN cannot avoid the responsibility and mentioned that hatred has been there (Rakhine) for a long time.
He said Bangladesh is always ready to facilitate the return of Rohingyas and mentioned that they are still hopeful.
The minister said the process was still on but maintained that Myanmar could not create confidence among the Rohingyas.
"Won't do anything by force"
On Thursday, Momen said Bangladesh does not want to do anything by force and laid emphasis on removing trust-deficit among Rohingyas who refused to return to their homeland.
Momen said there is a trust-deficit among Rohingyas and reiterated Bangladesh's call to take 100 "majhis" or Rohingya leaders to Rakhine State, and show them what measures and arrangements were taken to welcome Rohingyas to their own homes as they feared about their safety and security.
The foreign minister earlier said he was thinking about forming a commission with people from various countries to go and see the development in Rakhine and inspect whether peace and stability were prevailing there or not with required steps.
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"Myanmar should prove that development is there and peace is prevailing," he said adding that Myanmar can also take journalists there to see the situation on the ground.
Momen said Myanmar should come forward if they remain honest and should give access to Rakhine to see the situation there.
He indicated about slower fund flow -- both locally and internationally -- which might create problems for the Rohingyas though they were living a comfortable life now. "For their own better future, they should go back."
The minister said their efforts would continue for voluntary and safe return of Rogingyas to their place of origin.
Repatriation deal between Bangladesh and Myanmar
The two countries signed a repatriation deal on November 23, 2017, but there has been little progress.
On July 29, Bangladesh handed a fresh list of 25,000 Rohingyas from around 6,000 families to Myanmar for verification before their repatriation to Rakhine State.
With the latest list, Bangladesh has so far handed the names of around 55,000 Rohingyas to the Myanmar authorities and around 8,000 of them have been verified. Myanmar only cleared 3,450 Rohingyas for beginning the repatriation.
On January 16, 2018 Bangladesh and Myanmar inked a document on "Physical Arrangement", which was supposed to facilitate the return of Rohingyas to their homeland.
The "Physical Arrangement" stipulates that the repatriation will be completed preferably within two years from the start.
The first batch of Rohingyas was scheduled to return on November 15 last year but was halted amid the unwillingness of Rohingyas to go back for lack of a congenial environment in Rakhine.